For decades our biologists have worked to understand and conserve wildlife across the Americas using innovative methods and tools. Peer-reviewed publications ensure that we produce and use the best possible science available.
Our scientists often reach out and cooperate with other experts as well as an army of citizen scientists to solve some of the most pressing issues in conservation biology. Sound science underpins all of VCE's work. Below are contributions our scientists have made each year.
Visit VCE on ResearchGate to download or request PDF reprints of our work from the authors.
Townsend, J.T., C.T. Driscoll, C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2014. Avian, salamander, and forest floor mercury concentrations increase with elevation in a terrestrial ecosystem. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33:208-215. (Abstract)
Capers, R. S., Kimball, K. D., McFarland, K. P., Jones, M. T., Lloyd, A. H., Munroe, J. S., … & Paradis, R. 2013. Establishing Alpine Research Priorities in Northeastern North America. Northeastern Naturalist, 20(4), 559-577. (Abstract)
Faccio, S.D., M. Amaral, C.J Martin, J.D. Lloyd, T.W. French, and A. Tur. 2013. Movement patterns, natal dispersal, and survival of Peregrine Falcons banded in New England. Journal of Raptor Research 47(3):246–261. (Abstract)
Levin, I.I., P. Zwiers, S. L. Deem, E. A. Geest, J. M. Higashiguchi, T. A. Iezhova, G. Jim´enez-ucz´ategui, D. H. Kim, J. P. Morton, N. G. Perlut, R. B. Renfrew, E. H. R. Sari, G. Valkiunas, andP. G. Parker. 2013. Multiple lineages of avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium) in the Galapagos Islands and evidence for arrival via migratory birds. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12127 (Abstract)
Jahn, A.E., V. R. Cueto, J. W. Fox, M. S. Husak, D. H. Kim, D.V. Landoll, J. Pinto Ledezma, H. K. LePage, D. J. Levey, M. T. Murphy, R. B. Renfrew. 2013. Migration timing and wintering areas of three species of flycatchers (Tyrannus) breeding in the Great Plains of North America. Auk 130:247-257. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C. and K.P. McFarland. 2013. Bicknell’s Thrush: a twenty-year retrospective on the Northeast’s most vulnerable songbird. Bird Observer 41:9-16.
Davis, W.E., Jr. and C.C. Rimmer. 2013. Bicknell’s Thrush: who was the man behind the name? Bird Observer 41:18-22.
Renfrew, R. B., D. Kim, N. Perlut, J. Fox, J. Smith, and P. P. Marra. 2013. Phenological matching across hemispheres in a long-distance migratory bird. Diversity and Distributions 19:1008-1019. (Abstract)
Renfrew, R. B., ed. 2013. The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds of Vermont. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 548 pp. (Purchase book)
van der Hoek, Y., R. Renfrew, and L.L. Manne. 2013. Assessing regional and interspecific variation in threshold responses of forest breeding birds through broad scale analyses. PLoS ONE 8:e55996. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055996 (Abstract)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, C.T. Driscoll, K.P. McFarland, and E.E. Iñigo-Elias. 2013. Mercury concentrations in tropical resident and migrant songbirds on Hispaniola. Ecotoxicology Volume 22 (1): 86-93. DOI 10.1007/s10646-012-1005-1. (Abstract)
McFarland, K.P., C.C. Rimmer, J.E. Goetz, Y. Aubry, J.M. Wunderle Jr., A. Sutton, J.M. Townsend, A. Llanes Sosa, and A. Kirkconnell. 2013. A Winter Distribution Model for Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli), a conservation tool for a threatened migratory songbird. PLOS ONE 8(1): e53986. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053986. (Abstract)
Ortiz, R.A, C.C. Rimmer, H. Askansas, and I. Mota. 2012. Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): new record for the Dominican Republic. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 25:89-91. (Full Article)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, K.P. McFarland, and J.E. Goetz. 2012. Site-specific variation in food resources, sex ratios and body condition of an overwintering migrant songbird. Auk 129: 683-690. (Abstract)
McKinnon, E.A, K.C. Fraser, A.W. Diamond, C.C. Rimmer, and J.M. Townsend. 2012. Stable-hydrogen isotope turnover in red blood cells of two migratory thrushes: application to studies of connectivity and carry-over effects. Journal of Field Ornithology 83:306-314. (Abstract)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2012. Radio-transmitters do not affect seasonal mass change or annual survival of wintering Bicknell’s Thrushes. Journal of Field Ornithology 83:295-301. (Abstract)
Studds, C. E., McFarland, K. P., Aubry, Y., Rimmer, C. C., Hobson, K. A., Marra, P. P. and Wassenaar, L. I. 2012. Stable-hydrogen isotope measures of natal dispersal reflect observed population declines in a threatened migratory songbird. Diversity and Distributions 18: 919–930. (Abstract)
Hart, J. A., and C. C. Rimmer. 2012. White-winged Warbler (Xenoligea montana), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. (web)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, A.T. Townsend, and K.P. McFarland. 2011. Sex and age ratios of Bicknell’s Thrush wintering in Hispaniola. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123:367-372. (Abstract)
Frey, S. J. K., A. M. Strong, and K. P. McFarland. 2011. The relative contribution of local habitat and landscape context to metapopulation processes: a dynamic occupancy modeling approach. Ecography 34:001-009.
Sly, N. D., A. K. Townsend, C. C. Rimmer, J. M. Townsend, S. C. Latta, and I. J. Lovette. 2011. Ancient islands and modern invasions: disparate phylogeographic histories among Hispaniola’s endemic birds. Molecular Ecology 20:5012-5024. (Abstract)
Renfrew, R. B., S. J. K. Frey, and J. Klavins. 2011. Phenology and sequence of the complete prealternate molt of Bobolinks in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology 82:101-113. (Abstract)
Parsons, K.C., P. Mineau, and R. B. Renfrew. 2010. Effects of pesticide use in rice fields on birds. Waterbirds 33(sp1):193-218. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C., J.E. Goetz, E. Garrido Gomez, J.L. Brocca, P. Bayard, and J.V. Hilaire. 2010. Avifaunal surveys in La Visite National Park–last vestiges of montane broadleaf forest in eastern Haiti. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 23:31-43.
Galbraith, H., C.C. Rimmer, and T. L. Lloyd-Evans. 2010. Spring and fall migrations of the two races of Palm Warbler through New England. Bird Observer. 38: 12-15.
Townsend, J.M, C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2010. Winter territoriality and spatial behavior of Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) at two ecologically distinct sites in the Dominican Republic. Auk 127:514-522. (Abstract)
Sly, N.D., A.K. Townsend, C.C. Rimmer, J.M. Townsend, S.C. Latta, and I.J. Lovette. 2010. Phylogeography and conservation of the endemic Hispaniolan Palm-Tanagers (Aves: Phaenicophilus). Conservation Genetics 11:2121-2129. (Abstract)
Kerchner, C., M. Homzak, R. Kemkes, A. Richardson, J.M. Townsend, and C.C. Rimmer. 2010. Designing spatially explicit incentive programs for habitat conservation: a case study of the Bicknell’s Thrush winter grounds. Ecological Economics 69:2018-2015. (Abstract)
Ribic, C. A., R. R. Koford, J. R. Herkert, D. H. Johnson, N. D. Niemuth, D. E. Naugle, K. K. Bakker, D. W. Sample, and R. B. Renfrew. 2009. Area sensitivity in North American grassland birds: patterns and processes. Auk 126:233-244. (Abstract)
Chace, J.F., S.D. Faccio and A. Chacko. 2009. Canada Warbler habitat use of Northern Hardwoods in Vermont. Northeastern Naturalist 16(4): 491-500.
Rimmer, C.C., E.K. Miller, K.P. McFarland, R.J. Taylor, and S.D. Faccio. 2009. Mercury bioaccumulation and trophic transfer in the terrestrial food web of a montane forest. Ecotoxicology 19(4): 697-709. (Abstract)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2009. Investigating the limiting factors of a rare, vulnerable species: Bicknell’s Thrush. Proceedings of the Fourth International Partners in Flight Conference: Tundra to Tropics: 91-95. (PDF)
Townsend, J.M., C.C. Rimmer, J. Brocca, K.P. McFarland, and A. K. Townsend. 2009. Predation of a wintering migratory songbird by introduced rats: can nocturnal roosting behavior serve as predator avoidance? Condor 111(3): 565-569. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C. 2008. Bicknell’s Thrush. Pp. 442-443 in The second atlas of breeding birds in New York State (McGowan, K. J. and K. Corwin, eds.). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Renfrew, R. and C.A. Ribic. 2008. Multi-scale models of grassland passerine density in a fragmented system in Wisconsin. Landscape Ecology 23:181-193. (Abstract) Table 3 (omitted in published article).
Lambert, J.D., D.I. King, J.P. Buonaccorsi and L.S. Prout. 2008. Decline of a New Hampshire Bicknell’s Thrush Population, 1993-2003. Northeastern Naturalist 15: 607-618.
Frey, S.J.K., C.C. Rimmer, K.P. McFarland, and S. Menu. 2008. Identification and sex determination of Bicknell’s Thrushes using Morphometric Data. J. of Field Ornithology 79: 408-420. (Abstract)
Hallworth, M., P. M. Benham, J. D. Lambert and L. Reitsma. 2008. Canada warbler (Wilsonia canadensis) breeding ecology in young forest stands compared to a red maple (Acer rubrum) swamp. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 1353-1358.
Hallworth, M., A. Ueland, E. Anderson, J. D. Lambert, L. Reitsma. 2008. Habitat Selection and Site Fidelity of Canada Warblers (Wilsonia canadensis) in Central New Hampshire. Auk 125(4): 880-888.
Rodenhouse, N.L., S.N. Matthews, K.P. McFarland, J.D. Lambert, L.R. Iverson, A. Prasad, T.S. Sillett, and R.T. Holmes. 2008. Potential effects of climate change on birds of the Northeast. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 13: 517-540. (Abstract)
Rimmer C.C., L.G. Woolaver, R. K. Nichols, E. M. Fernandez, S. C. Latta and E. Garrido. 2008. First Description of Nests and Eggs of Two Hispaniolan Endemic Species: Western Chat-tanager (Calyptophilus tertius) and Hispaniolan Highland-tanager (Xenoligea montana). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120: 190-195. (Abstract)
Renfrew, R. B., D. H. Johnson, G. Lingle, and D. Robinson. 2008. Avian response to meadow restoration in the central Great Plains. Proc. North American Prairie Conference 20:313-324. (Abstract)
Townsend, A., C. Rimmer, S. Latta, and I. Lovette. 2007. Ancient differentiation in the single-island avian radiation of endemic HIspaniolan chat-tanagers (Aves: Calyptophilus). Molecular Ecology 16: 3634-3642. (Abstract)
King, D., J.D. Lambert, J. P. Buonaccorsi, and L. S. Prout. 2007. Avian population trends in the vulnerable montane forests of the Northern Appalachians, USA. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 2691-2700.
Renfrew, R., A. M. Saavedra. 2007. Ecology and conservation of Bobolinks in rice production regions of Bolivia. Ornitologia Neotropical 18:61-73. (Abstract)
Renfrew, R. 2007. An interspecific foraging association between Nearctic-Neotropical Migrant Passerines in Bolivia. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:124-126. (Abstract)
Townsend, J.M. and C.C. Rimmer. 2006. Known natal and wintering sites of a Bicknell’s Thrush. Journal of Field Ornithology 77: 452-454. (Abstract)
Christopher C. Rimmer, Jason M. Townsend, Andrea K. Townsend, Eladio M. Fernández, & Jesus Almonte. 2005. Avian diversity, abundance, and conservation status in the Macaya Biosphere Reserve of Haiti. Ornitologia Neotropical 16: 219–230. (PDF)
Lambert, J. D., K. P. McFarland, C. C. Rimmer, S. D. Faccio, and J. L. Atwood. 2005. A practical model of Bicknell’s Thrush distribution in the northeastern United States. Wilson Bulletin 117:1-11. (Abstract) Winner of the Ernest P. Edwards Prize for the best major article published in The Wilson Journal of Ornithology in 2005.
Renfrew, R., C.A. Ribic, and J.L. Nack. 2005. Edge avoidance by nesting grassland birds: a futile strategy in a fragmented landscape. Auk 122:618-636. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C. 2005. Bird conservation in Haiti: it’s now or never to save Haiti’s birds. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 18:86-87. (PDF)
Rimmer, C.C., K. P. McFarland, D. C. Evers, E. K. Miller, Y. Aubry, D. Busby, and R. J. Taylor. 2005. Mercury levels in Bicknell’s thrush and other insectivorous passerine birds in montane forests of the northeastern United States and Canada. Ecotoxicology 14:223-240. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C., S.D. Faccio, T.L. Lloyd-Evans, and J.M. Hagan III. 2004. A comparison of constant effort mist netting results at a coastal and inland New England site during migration. Studies in Avian Biology 29: 123-134.
Strong, A.M., C.C. Rimmer, and K.P. McFarland. 2004. Effect of prey biomass on reproductive success and mating strategy of Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli), a polygynandrous songbird. Auk 121:446-451.
Ryder, T.B. and C.C. Rimmer. 2003. Latitudinal variation in the definitive prebasic molt of Yellow Warblers. Wilson Bulletin 115:325-332.
Rimmer, C.C., J. Almonte M., E. Garrido G., D.A. Mejia, M. Milagros P., and P.R. Wieczoreck. 2003. Bird records in a montane forest fragment of western Sierra de Neiba, Dominican Republic. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 16:55-60.
Renfrew, R. and C.A. Ribic. 2003. Grassland passerine nest predators near pasture edges based on video footage. Auk 120:371-383. (Abstract)
Faccio, S.D. 2003. Post-breeding emigration and habitat use by Jefferson and spotted salamanders in Vermont. Journal of Herpetology 37:479-489. [Abstract] [Full Document (.pdf 205 kb)]
Faccio, S.D. 2003. Effects of ice storm-created gaps on forest breeding bird communities in Central Vermont. Forest Ecology and Management 186:133-145. [Abstract] [Full Document (.pdf 383 kb)]
Goetz, J.E.., K. P. McFarland and C.C. Rimmer. 2003. Multiple paternity and multiple male feeders in Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). Auk 120: 1044-1053.
Latta, S. C., C. C. Rimmer, and K. P. McFarland. 2003. Winter bird communities in four habitats along an elevational gradient on Hispaniola. Condor 105:179-197. (Abstract)
Renfrew, R. and C.A. Ribic. 2002. Influence of topography on density of grassland passerines in Wisconsin pastures. American Midland Naturalist 147:315-325. (Abstract)
Ribic, C.A., D.W. Sample, and R. Renfrew. 2002. Linking landscape management with the conservation of grassland birds in Wisconsin. In: Bissonette, J.A. And I. Storch, eds. Landscape ecology and resource management: linking theory with practice. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Strong, A. M., C. C. Rimmer, K.P. McFarland and K. Hagan. 2002. Effects of mountain resorts on wildlife. Vermont Law Review 26(3): 689-716.
Rimmer, C.C. and K.P. McFarland. 2001. Known breeding and wintering sites of Bicknell’s Thrush. Wilson Bull.113: 234-236. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C., K.P. McFarland, W.G. Ellison, J.E. Goetz and H. Ouellet. 2001. Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). In The Birds of North America, (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.
Renfrew, R. and C.A. Ribic. 2001. Grassland birds associated with agricultural riparian areas in southwestern Wisconsin. Journal of Range Management 54:546-552. (Abstract)
Hobson, K.A., K.P. McFarland, L.I. Wassenaar, C.C. Rimmer and J.E. Goetz. 2001. Linking breeding and wintering grounds of Bicknell’s Thrushes using stable isotope analyses of feathers. Auk 118:16-23. (Abstract)
Lowther, P.E., C.C. Rimmer, B. Kessel, S.L. Johnson, and W.G. Ellison. 2001. Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus). In The Birds of North America, No. 591. (A. Poole & F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Rimmer, C.C. and J.R. Tietz. 2001. An adult male Blackpoll Warbler in female-like plumage. J. Field Ornithol. 72:365-368. (Abstract)
Rimmer, C.C. and J. Almonte. 2001. Additional notes on the wintering status of Swainson’s Warbler in the Dominican Republic. El Pitirre 14:5-6. (PDF)
Rimmer, C.C. and K.P. McFarland. 2000. Post breeding dispersal and migration stop-over in a montane spruce-fir forest in northern Vermont. Wilson Bull. 112:124-136. (Abstract)
Dwyer, C.S. and C.C. Rimmer. 2000. Definitive prebasic molt of Gray Catbirds at two sites in New England. Condor 102:894-904.
Corser, J.D., M. Amaral, C.J. Martin, and C.C. Rimmer. 1999. Recovery of a cliff-nesting Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus, population in northern New York and New England, 1984-1996. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113:472-480.
Lowther, P.E., C. Celada, N.K. Klein, C.C. Rimmer and D.A. Spector. 1999. Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia). In The Birds of North America, No. 454 (A. Poole & F. Gill, Eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Faccio, S.D., and C.C. Rimmer. 1999. High rates of Brown-headed Cowbird occurrence in Champlain Valley forests: Conservation implications for migratory songbirds. In, Manley, T.O. and P.L. Manley, (eds.). Lake Champlain in Transition: From Research Toward Restoration. American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C., pp 361-370.
Faccio, S.D. 1999. Loons: Sound and Spirit of the Northern Woods. Vermont Woodlands 6(1):24-27.
Rimmer, C.C., K.P. McFarland, and J.E. Goetz. 1999. Distribution, habitat use, and conservation status of Bicknell’s Thrush in the Dominican Republic. El Pitirre 12: 114.
Hochachka, W.M., T.E. Martin, and 28 other authors including K.P. McFarland in alphabetical order. 1999. Scale dependence in the effects of forest coverage on parasitization by brown-headed cowbirds. Studies in Avian Biology 18: 80-88.
Faccio, S.D., C.C. Rimmer and K.P. McFarland. 1999. Results of the Vermont Forest Bird Monitoring Program, 1989-1996. Northeastern Naturalist 5: 293-312.
Rimmer, C.C., J.E. Goetz and K.P. McFarland. 1998. Bird Observations in threatened forest fragments of the Sierra de Neiba. El Pitirre 11(2):15-17.
Rimmer, C.C. and K. P. McFarland. 1998. Two new avian records for Hispaniola: Swainson’s Warbler and Song Sparrow. El Pitirre 11(1): 15-16.
Rimmer, C.C. and K.P. McFarland. 1998. Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina). In The Birds of North America, (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.
Mulvihill, R.S. and C.C. Rimmer. 1997. Timing and extent of the molts of adult Red-eyed Vireos on their breeding and wintering grounds. Condor 99:73-82.
McFarland, K.P. and C.C. Rimmer. 1996. Horsehair fungus (Marasmius androsaceus) used as nest lining by the Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) and other subalpine spruce-fir forest bird species. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110: 541-544.
Faccio, S.D. 1996. Predation of an eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) by a gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensus). The Canadian-Field Naturalist 110(3): 538.
Rimmer, C.C. and C.H. Darmstadt. 1996. Non-breeding site fidelity in Northern Shrikes. J. Field Ornithol. 67:360-366.
Rimmer, C.C., J.L. Atwood, K.P. McFarland, and L.R. Nagy. 1995. Population density, vocal behavior and recommended survey methods for Bicknell’s Thrush. Wilson Bull. 108:639-649.
Atwood, J.L., C.C. Rimmer, K.P. McFarland, S.H. Tsai, and L.R. Nagy. 1995. Distribution of Bicknell’s Thrush in New England and New York. Wilson Bull. 108: 650-661.