• Oregon/Northern Junco

    Common NameOregon/Northern Junco
    Scientific NameJunco hyemalis/Junco oreganus
    Type of ReportRare Species
    Date of Observation01/23/2021
    Number Observed1
    Reporting Observer's NameBarbara Powers
    Mailing Address1408 North Road
    PO Box 246
    Manchester Center, VT 05255
    United States
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    EmailEmail hidden; Javascript is required.
    Date Completed01/26/2021
    Latitude of Observation43.2065
    Longitude of Observation-73.0575
    Place NamePowers House
    TownshipManchester Center
    Vermont eBird Checklist URLebird.org
    Time of Day10:00 AM
    Length of Time Observed15 minutes
    Maximum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)30
    Minimum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)30
    Noteworthy Weather Conditions

    clear no precipitation

    Optical Equipment Used for Observation

    Swarovski SLC 8x30 WB

    Observer’s Previous Acquaintance With This or Similar Species

    I've seen it several times on past trips to the west. However, did need to use reference books to reconfirm my identification. Very comfortable identifying the junco species that inhabits our area. This bird had strikingly different coloring and markings.

    I certify that that attachments included with this report were captured during this observation event​​.
    Description of Habitat

    The bird feeder is located in an area about 30 feet front the front of my house. It is next to a mowed lawn. Behind and to the side of the feeder are lilac bushes. At the time the bird was observed there were 12 other juncos present (Dark eyed juncos) - 10 males and 2 females. Also at the time there were 2 titmice, 12 chickadees, 2 blue jays, 1 white-throated sparrow,1 red nuthatch and 1 white nuthatch. I was participating in the Project Feeder Watch and this was one of my count days.

    Behaviors Observed

    The bird was feeding under the bird feeder and also in the areas under the lilacs. It was constantly moving around looking for seeds to eat. It was near enough to the other juncos that were feeding so I could see the distinct differences in their plumage. It stayed very much to itself. It did leave when the other juncos left but came back a second time with the group. I was inside the house so it didn't interact with me.

    Verbal Narrative & Description of Observation

    The bird was distinctly different in color than the other juncos I observed which caught my attention that this could be a different bird than what usually comes to my feeder. The bird had more white on its underparts as well as having more cinnamon brown along the sides of the chest. The head was dark gray with a very defined line like a hood. The gray did not go below the wings. I actually checked this out several times because when I eventually checked my reference books of similar possible species this defined line stood out very clearly when I was actually looking at the bird with my binoculars. In addition the back area of the bird was brownish not gray.

    Relative Size & Shape

    same size and shape as the other juncos at the feeder


    The head was dark gray. The gray was in a defined hood shape above the wings, The eyes had a dark lore. The throat was white with a cinnamon color along the sides and under the wings.

    Feet & Bill

    Did not observe any significant differences . Similar to the other juncos that were present

    Upper Back

    Below the defined gray hood the upper back was brownish rather than the gray of the other juncos

    Lower Back & Rump

    This area was also brownish rather than gray



    Breast, Belly, Flanks, Under Tail Coverts

    the breast was white with cinnamon color along the sides which went under the wings. The under tail was white


    the tail was brownish with white along the side

    IMPORTANT: What similar species were eliminated when making the identification and how was this bird different?

    The bird was in a flock of 12 other juncos (10 males and 2 females). The bird was so strikingly different in coloration that it stood out.

    Other Notes & Comments

    The color of the bird made me believe it was a female because the head had a gray hood as opposed to a black hood of the male.

    This report was written from notes taken:Immediately After

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