• Yellow Rail

    Common NameYellow Rail
    Scientific NameCoturnicops noveboracensis
    Type of ReportRare Species
    Date of Observation04/11/2017
    Number Observed1
    Reporting Observer's NameRichard Harlow
    Mailing Address206 Deer Meadow Drive
    Middlebury, VT 05753
    United States
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    Date Completed04/11/2017
    Names & Emails of Other Contributing Observers

    Cynthia M. Harlow,

    Latitude of Observation0
    Longitude of Observation0
    Place Name206 Deer Meadow Drive
    Time of Day03:20 PM
    Length of Time Observed8-10 min
    Maximum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)600
    Minimum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)500
    Noteworthy Weather Conditions

    Warm, Cirrus and Cirrus Cumulus, Breezy about 5-8 mph

    Optical Equipment Used for Observation

    Heard only

    Observer’s Previous Acquaintance With This or Similar Species

    Observed and heard in Manitoba Canada, heard only in North Dakota

    I certify that that attachments included with this report were captured during this observation event​​.
    Description of Habitat

    Shallow, well vegetated marsh containing both Phragmites and Typha latifolia along with other wet meadow grasses and sedges.

    Behaviors Observed


    Description of Vocalizations

    We were able to match the vocalization made by this individual with the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology sound for the species.

    Verbal Narrative & Description of Observation

    Between our observation post and the estimated area where we heard the vocalizations was a retention pond, wet meadow, and a Phragmites and Typha marsh. We were sitting directly opposite this area, with only birds chirping and breeze blowing. The sound was fairly loud so I felt that the Rail was just on the other side of the retention pond, but couldn't be sure. Spent a good 8-10 minutes checking the brown marsh grasses with my binoculars with no success. To be certain it was a Yellow Rail, since it had been some time since I had actually heard one in the field, consulted Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology Yellow Rail calls within 2 minutes of our observation. In our minds It was an exact match.

    Relative Size & Shape

    Not applicable


    Not applicable

    Feet & Bill

    Not applicable

    Upper Back

    Not applicable

    Lower Back & Rump

    Not applicable


    Not applicable

    Breast, Belly, Flanks, Under Tail Coverts

    Not applicable


    Not applicable

    IMPORTANT: What similar species were eliminated when making the identification and how was this bird different?

    Went through the sounds of all the Rails that could have visited Vermont. Yellow Rail was the only viable choice from the sounds we heard.

    Other Notes & Comments

    Not applicable

    This report was written from notes taken:During the Observation

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