|Common Name||Hooded Warbler|
|Scientific Name||Wilsonia citrina|
|Type of Report||Rare Nesting Species|
|Date of Observation||08/11/2017|
|Reporting Observer's Name||Enid Weinheimer|
|Mailing Address||1431 Monkton road|
NORTH FERRISBURGH, VT 05473
|Latitude of Observation||0|
|Longitude of Observation||0|
|Place Name||Geprags Park|
|Vermont eBird Checklist URL||ebird.org|
|Time of Day||11:15 AM|
|Length of Time Observed||1 hour|
|Maximum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)||20 feet|
|Minimum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)||six feet|
|Noteworthy Weather Conditions|
Partly cloudy. Humid and breezy.
|Optical Equipment Used for Observation|
Nikon Monarch 7 8X42
|Observer’s Previous Acquaintance With This or Similar Species|
Previous annual trips to Cape May, NJ where this species is common.
|I certify that that attachments included with this report were captured during this observation event.|
|Description of Habitat|
Birds located in dense underbrush. Moved around in a small around of about forty feet by ten feet. Older growth forest on opposite side of trail. No other birds in immediate vicinity. Could hear Eastern Wood-Pewee from forest, but it was some distance away.
Juvenile bird seen begging and following adult male Hooded Warbler. Witnessed the adult feeding the juvenile nine times, although feeding also seemed to occur several times while vegetation blocked view. Adult male gleaning insects and delivering them to juvenile. No self-feeding behavior observed by juvenile.
|Description of Vocalizations|
Adult male gave near-constant "chip" notes. Loud and emphatic. At one point the juvenile came very close to me and the adult's vocalization changed to a much thinner, quieter chip note, which silenced the juvenile.
|Verbal Narrative & Description of Observation|
Adult male feeding juvenile. Watched juvenile for an hour. Olive back to crown, unmarked wings, yellow underparts from throat to undertail, white outer tail feathers, dark lores, large eye and bill. Watched male feed juvenile nine times. Juvenile was very vocal almost the whole time. Witnessed begging, with wings slightly outstretched and tail frequently flared. Tail-flicking noted in both adult and juvenile.
|Relative Size & Shape|
Mid-sized warbler. Stocky with longish, squared tail.
Crown yellowish olive. Cheeks yellow. Eye large and dark. Throat yellow. Nape olive-yellow. Dark lores.
|Feet & Bill|
Short, stocky looking legs. Pink feet. Bill large for warbler. Lower mandible lighter than top.
|Lower Back & Rump|
Dark gray. No wing bars or patches. Juvenile often held wings in downward position, tips nearing half-way to tip of tail.
|Breast, Belly, Flanks, Under Tail Coverts|
Yellow beneath from throat to under tail coverts.
Long, square tail. White outer tail feathers. Frequent tail-flicking and splaying.
|IMPORTANT: What similar species were eliminated when making the identification and how was this bird different?|
There was some concern that perhaps the male Hooded Warbler had hybridized with a local Blue-winged or Golden-winged Warbler, so I familiarized myself with all the important field marks of the Hooded juvenile and went into my search with an open mind. This juvenile warbler had all pertinent field marks for a Hooded to my satisfaction. The white outer tail feathers, dark lores, unmarked wings, all yellow underparts and olive back are diagnostic for the species. The behavior was consistent with Hooded Warbler, including the frequent fanning of the tail and tail-flicking.
|Other Notes & Comments|
This report is meant to document the juvenile Hooded Warbler, as I believe the adult male has already been accepted.
|This report was written from notes taken:||Immediately After|