|Common Name||Orange-crowned Warbler|
|Scientific Name||Oreothlypis celata|
|Type of Report||Out-of-Season|
|Date of Observation||05/03/2017|
|Reporting Observer's Name||Ian Worley|
|Mailing Address||1101 Snake Mountain Road|
Cornwall, Vermont 05753
|Names & Emails of Other Contributing Observers|
|Latitude of Observation||44.0295|
|Longitude of Observation||-73.1602|
|Place Name||Chipman Hill|
|Vermont eBird Checklist URL||ebird.org|
|Time of Day||06:30 AM|
|Length of Time Observed||Seen fleetingly in canopy over the span of 6-10 minutes amid a warbler swarm, then one good view by Worley lasting several seconds.|
|Maximum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)||80-100 feet|
|Minimum Estimated Distance from Bird (in feet)||60-80 feet|
|Noteworthy Weather Conditions|
Calm spring morning.
|Optical Equipment Used for Observation|
Worley: 8x42 Vortex Viper binocs. Payne: 8x42 Nikon
|Observer’s Previous Acquaintance With This or Similar Species|
Both observers have seen this species well, locally in previous years.
|I certify that that attachments included with this report were captured during this observation event.|
|Description of Habitat|
Semi-open deciduous canopy with some wild grape vines in hollow on forested east face of Chipman Hill. One of several warbler species in tree canopy foraging along with Northern Parula, American Redstart, and Black-throated Green Warblers. Also seen or heard that location Tufted Titmouse, White-breasted Nuthatch, Northern Cardinal, and Blue Jay.
Foraging persistently in upper and canopy along with the other warblers.
|Description of Vocalizations|
|Verbal Narrative & Description of Observation|
Dull yellow to olive warbler, dim streaks on breast, yellow undertail coverts. Unpatterned and unmarked back and wings just a tad duller/duskier than face and underbody. Seemed to have an eyeline; face otherwise unmarked. Silent. (Described into a hand-held recorder at the time of observation by Worley)
|Relative Size & Shape|
Typical of canopy wood warblers. Was seen in close proximity to the other warblers.
Noticeably unmarked except for eyeline.
|Feet & Bill|
Feet unseen. Bill characteristic of warblers, not thick as per vireos.
Dull yellow to olive, unpatterned and unmarked.
|Lower Back & Rump|
Dull yellow to olive, unpatterned and unmarked. Rump not seen but fleetingly.
Wings just a tad duller/duskier than face and underbody. Characteristically warbler in size.
|Breast, Belly, Flanks, Under Tail Coverts|
Dull yellow to olive, dim streaks on breast, yellow undertail coverts
Not seen with detail.
|IMPORTANT: What similar species were eliminated when making the identification and how was this bird different?|
Other warbler species with contrasting yellow undertail coverts: Nashville Wabler shows evident eyering. Common Yellowthroat has bright yellow throat. Palm Warbler has well marked face, bobs tail, and likely would show some rufous coloring this time of year.
Other plain warblers, dull and not brightly colored, with dim breast streaks: Some Tennessee Warblers, but they never have contrasting yellow undertail coverts. Likewise, a similar, late, winter plumaged Cape May Warbler would have white undertail coverts.
|Other Notes & Comments|
When the bird was finally seen well by Worley, there was no hesitation in calling it an Orange-crowned Warbler.
|This report was written from notes taken:||During the Observation|